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Thursday, February 16, 2012

Older Americans Act: Funding Formulas

Kirsten J. Colello
Specialist in Health and Aging Policy

The Older Americans Act (OAA) is the major vehicle for the delivery of social and nutrition services for older persons. The act’s statutory funding formulas determine allotments to states and other entities under the following OAA Titles: 
         Title III, Grants for State and Community Programs; 
         Title V, the Community Service Senior Opportunities Act; 
         Title VI, Grants for Older Native Americans; and 
         Title VII, Vulnerable Elder Rights Protection Activities. 
These formula grants fund programs that assist older Americans with supportive services; congregate nutrition services (meals served at group sites such as senior centers, community centers, schools, churches, or senior housing complexes); home-delivered nutrition services; family caregiver support; community service employment; the long-term care ombudsman program; and services to prevent the abuse, neglect, and exploitation of older persons.

The OAA Amendments of 2006 (P.L. 109-365) reauthorized all programs under the act through FY2011. Among other things, P.L. 109-365 changed the formula allocation for most Title III programs. No changes were made to Title V, VI, or VII formulas. While the authorization of appropriations under the OAA expired at the end of FY2011, Congress has continued to appropriate funding for OAA-authorized activities for FY2012. The 112th Congress may consider reauthorization of the OAA and as a result may modify existing authorities.

This report describes the debate surrounding changes to the Title III funding formula during the OAA reauthorizations of 2000 and 2006. It then summarizes the OAA statutory provisions that allocate funds to states and other entities under current law.

Date of Report: January 30, 2012
Number of Pages: 12
Order Number: RS22549
Price: $29.95

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